MATERIALS
MATERIALS

Polyurethane Uses

Polyurethanes can be formulated to meet the demands of most any application.  They can be found in automotive interiors, office and residential furniture components, medical furniture and treatment products, sporting goods, and industrial components.

Automotive Applications

The automotive industry is the largest user of reaction injection-molded (RIM) polyurethane parts. RIM is used to maximize the shock absorption of a car’s fenders, bumpers and spoilers, without adding weight or bulk. Lightweight RIM polyurethanes can help give cars better gas mileage and allow engineers the freedom to create innovative designs that otherwise would never be possible.

The advantages of RIM polyurethane can also be found inside the car.  Steering wheels, arm rests and consoles are often molded using integral skin foams while seating applications utilize high resilient flexible foams with leather, fabric and vinyl coverings.

Furniture Applications

Polyurethane, mostly in the form of flexible polyurethane foam (FPF), is the one of the most popular materials used in home furnishings in places such as furniture, bedding and carpet underlay. While FPF may appear to be a simple product, it is actually very complex. And it can be produced to have an almost infinite variety of properties.
Used as a cushioning material for upholstered furniture, FPF provides three primary functions—making your furniture more comfortable, durable, and supportive.

Medical Applications

Polyurethanes have been formulated to provide efficient bio-compatibility, flexural endurance, high strength, high abrasion resistance and processing versatility over a wide range of applications. These attributes are important in supporting new applications continually being found by medical device manufacturers including artificial hearts, catheter tubing, feeding tubes, surgical drains, intra-aortic balloon pumps, dialysis devices, non-allergenic gloves, medical garments, hospital bedding, wound dressings and more.

Integral skin polyurethane foams offer abrasion and chemical resistant surfaces for use in patient care and treatment furniture.  These materials offer an ideal blend of comfort, functionality and clean-ability.

Sports and Recreation Applications

Polyurethanes have been formulated to provide efficient biocompatibility, flexural endurance, high strength, high abrasion resistance and processing versatility over a wide range of applications. These attributes are important in supporting new applications continually being found by medical device manufacturers including artificial hearts, catheter tubing, feeding tubes, surgical drains, intra-aortic balloon pumps, dialysis devices, non-allergenic gloves, medical garments, hospital bedding, wound dressings and more.

Industrial Applications

Rigid polyurethane and polyiso foams are made with a remarkably strong, yet lightweight, low-density structure that is both dimensionally stable and moisture-resistant with low vapor transmission. This special combination of properties allows manufacturers to design thermal insulating products that are self-supporting, can be combined with a wide range of substrates while requiring no additional adhesive, and—when combined with the proper materials—perform as external weather and moisture barriers.

Appliance Applications

Polyurethanes are an important component in major appliances that consumers use every day. The most common use for polyurethanes in major appliances is rigid foams for refrigerator and freezer thermal insulation systems. Rigid polyurethane foam is an essential and cost-effective material that can be used for meeting required energy ratings in consumer refrigerators and freezers. The good thermal insulating properties of rigid polyurethane foams result from the combination of a fine, closed-cell foam structure and cell gases that resist heat transfer.